Osprey Publishing FOR 21 Fortress Crusader Castles in the Holy Land 1097–1192

Osprey PublishingSKU: OSP00061021



The Crusaders that landed in the Middle East in the late-11th century brought with them their own traditions of military architecture, but it was not long before their defensive construction began to reflect a broad array of local influences. Most early Crusader structures were relatively small, and tended to increase the existing natural and defensive features of a site. The basic forms comprised freestanding towers, castra, and hilltop and spur-castles, but urban centres, religious sites and rural dwellings were also fortified. From the 1160s, bigger, stronger and more expensive castles began to appear, in response to developments in Islamic siege weaponry. This title examines the early fortifications erected by the Crusaders in modern-day Israel, the Palestinian territories, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and south-eastern Turkey.

Product details

Published Jul 25 2004
Format Paperback
Edition 1st
Extent 64
ISBN 9781841767154
Imprint Osprey Publishing
Illustrations 35 b/w; 25 col
Dimensions 10 x 7 inches
Series Fortress
Short code FOR 21
Publisher Bloomsbury Publishing

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